The Roman gynecologist Soranus is quoted “A contraceptive differs from an abortive, for the first does not let contraception take place while the latter destroys what has been conceived. Let us therefore call the one abortive and the other contraceptive.”
That was the 100s CE, which means we’ve known this for nearly 2000 years. So when referring to the Morning After Pill or to contraception (like condoms, birth control, etc.) let’s not be idiots.
The increase in glaucoma risk after just 3 years of using birth control pills.
100% sounds like a huge number, but consider:buying two lottery tickets instead of one increases your chances of winning by 100%. Very low odds are still very low even after you double them.
This is something to be aware of and it’s definitely better to have a wealth of options and a wealth of information about those options and their risks, but medical/scientific news that focuses on the percent of increase without mentioning the actual number before or after that increase are probably using sensationalism to drive a cause (or drive clicks).
Math time! In 2010 there were 2.8 million people with glaucoma in the US, that year the American population was 308 million thus only 0.9% of the population is affected by glaucoma overall. The rates of glaucoma have been relatively steady so the new case rate would be the same as the rate of death for those affected. Glaucoma doesn’t increase mortality so we can estimate the death rate of those effected by glaucoma using the death rate for the US overall in 2010 which is 8.38/1000 or 0.838% of glaucoma patients die per yer. That means overall about 0.0067% of the population develops it in a year or 1 in 307,979,364 people as a base. Meaning with birth control if you double the rate to 0.0134% you still only have a 1 in 307,958,728 chance of glaucoma.
Also that article is advocating IUDs, some of which ALSO USE HORMONES. And it completely ignores the myriad benefits of the pill, which the rhythm method and the pull-out method can’t fix (like ovarian cysts! or irregular periods! or legit like any fucking health problem solved by the pill!).
AHHHHHHHH! (via christinefriar)
wow it’s almost like preventing unnecessary medical costs with preventative medicine is a good thing
British Medical Journal Volume 307, Year 1993, 723-726
Natural Family Planning or fertility-awareness methods of birth control do work, but they are one of the less effective forms of pregnancy prevention out there. According to this chart, there are about 25 pregnancies out of every 100 individuals using those methods.
It definitely is something to get behind for those that can’t use other types of birth control for whatever reason, but it shouldn’t really be thought of as an end-all to the birth control/abortion debate.
There is much more effective birth control out there that many people would feel safer using and regardless of the type of contraception you are using, there’s always a small chance of pregnancy.
I was sure my first source which led me to this one reported of a 99% success rate, and considering the primary source was from 1993 and the source that reused it was from around 2003 that there would be some new research somewhere, but I’m not sure where to look for it. I guess I figured that if the data stayed consistent for about 10 years it was less likely to change.
I’ll be looking for more recent data
That source you cited (2007) says that it’s 99% with perfect use, which the source says is something you need to learn through a book or a workshop and track by examining your discharge and your body temperature (rather than by taking a pill once a day at the same time), and involves abstaining from sex during ovulation. Imperfect use puts it closer to 92.5% effectiveness, according to the article. Imperfect use of the pill is 98% effective.
So, to compare:
The pill is 98% effective if you don’t follow the very simple instructions of taking a pill once a day (and 99% effective with perfect use, aka following the damn directions), helps with medical issues like cramps and cysts, and allows you to have sex whenever you want.
The rhythm method is 92.5% effective if not done perfectly, does nothing for your uterus, and you need to abstain from sex regularly for it to work.
And I haven’t even mentioned issues involving pregnancy that only access to abortion helps prevent.
For years, there has been a plethora of birth control pills and other contraceptives easily available and extremely affordable in Iran, a country that boosts one of the most successful family planning programs in the world. It is only in the aftermath of cumulative American-led sanctions against Iran’s banking and financial sectors that most of these options have disappeared from pharmacies. Up until two months ago, pharmacists told me, there were simply no foreign made birth control pills available at all. Many doctors are wary of prescribing the Iranian-made pills because sanctions have made access to the raw materials required to produce them nearly impossible, making many of these drugs unreliable.
“In short, what is going on is that medicine for women has become increasingly difficult to find—all medicine for women, and no one talks about it,” said a pharmacist in Tehran’s Vanak Square.
Last week the U.S. Treasury Department, which oversees all American sanctions, announced that it was adding additional items to its general license for medicine export to Iran. The export of medicine has always been allowed under the current sanctions regime against Iran, yet there is still a severe shortage of medicine in the country. At this point, actions like this from the U.S. have become comical for those of us who travel to Iran frequently. Which bank is willing to make the transactions necessary for the medicine to reach Iran, given that sanctions have choked off Iranian banks from the world? Which company is willing to ship the medicine to Iran, given that almost all shipping routes have been sanctioned? The U.S. Department of Treasury can appear to be making a humanitarian gesture, but without making actual changes to banking and trade sanctions – which have been and will continue to block the sale of medicines to Iran – nothing will change.
And in the meantime, millions of women in Iran will continue to suffer the consequences of compromised U.S.-made birth control pills and the lack of any medications at all to treat the other gynecological problems they may have. American policy makers, who ironically invoked the plight of women in the Middle East to enact their wars in the region after Sept. 11, should know that their policies in Iran are quite literally making women sick.
The Plan B morning-after pill is moving over-the-counter, a decision announced by the Food and Drug Administration just days before a court-imposed deadline.
Tuesday, the FDA lowered to 15 the age at which girls and women can buy the emergency contraceptive without a prescription — and said it no longer has to be kept behind pharmacy counters.
Instead, the pill can sit on drugstore shelves just like condoms, but that buyers would have to prove their age at the cash register.
Last night my religion professor said that organizations like my Catholic university that refuse to cover birth control for employees could shut down…and he said this as though it was evidence of how “horrible” Obama’s birth control mandate was.
My response: boo freakin’ hoo. If being stubborn, bigoted, misogynistic assholes is more important than doing a simple thing like providing female employees full health benefits, you probably don’t deserve to stay open.
Right, because as we all know, we absolutely can never let any money from a religious organization ever go to birth control. That’s why we as a nation allow religious organizations to not pay employees who use birth control. /obvious sarcasm
My wonderful fellow mod Andrea posted about the price of pregnancy. That focuses on just the monetary cost of pregnancy, and how financial stability or lack of it can often be a factor in the decision to abort.
I feel as if people don’t always realize that not only do the medical bills add up when it comes to pregnancy, there are other costs to it as well. Other costs that are health related.
Pregnancy is by no means an easy thing to go through, and there are some people who think it’s something that is just over and done with in 9 months and there are no lasting effects. Or that those 9 months are a walk in the park.
So here’s a list of symptoms and complications that arise with pregnancy, varying from common to rare.
Normal, frequent or expectable temporary side effects of pregnancy:
- exhaustion (weariness common from first weeks)
- altered appetite and senses of taste and smell
- nausea and vomiting (50% of women, first trimester)
- heartburn and indigestion
- weight gain
- dizziness and light-headedness
- bloating, swelling, fluid retention
- abdominal cramps
- yeast infections
- congested, bloody nose
- acne and mild skin disorders
- skin discoloration (chloasma, face and abdomen)
- mild to severe backache and strain
- increased headaches
- difficulty sleeping, and discomfort while sleeping
- increased urination and incontinence
- bleeding gums
- breast pain and discharge
- swelling of joints, leg cramps, joint pain
- difficulty sitting, standing in later pregnancy
- inability to take regular medications
- shortness of breath
- higher blood pressure
- hair loss
- tendency to anemia
- curtailment of ability to participate in some sports and activities
- infection including from serious and potentially fatal disease
(pregnant women are immune suppressed compared with non-pregnant women, and are more susceptible to fungal and certain other diseases)
- extreme pain on delivery
- hormonal mood changes, including normal post-partum depression
- continued post-partum exhaustion and recovery period (exacerbated if a c-section — major surgery — is required, sometimes taking up to a full year to fully recover)
Normal, expectable, or frequent PERMANENT side effects of pregnancy:
- stretch marks (worse in younger women)
- loose skin
- permanent weight gain or redistribution
- abdominal and vaginal muscle weakness
- pelvic floor disorder (occurring in as many as 35% of middle-aged former child-bearers and 50% of elderly former child-bearers, associated with urinary and rectal incontinence, discomfort and reduced quality of life)
- changes to breasts
- varicose veins
- scarring from episiotomy or c-section
- other permanent aesthetic changes to the body (all of these are downplayed by women, because the culture values youth and beauty)
- increased proclivity for hemmorhoids
- loss of dental and bone calcium (cavities and osteoporosis)
Occasional complications and side effects:
- spousal/partner abuse
- hyperemesis gravidarum
- temporary and permanent injury to back
- severe scarring requiring later surgery (especially after additional pregnancies)
- dropped (prolapsed) uterus (especially after additional pregnancies, and other pelvic floor weaknesses — 11% of women, including cystocele, rectocele, and enterocele)
- pre-eclampsia (edema and hypertension, the most common complication of pregnancy, associated with eclampsia, and affecting 7 - 10% of pregnancies)
- eclampsia (convulsions, coma during pregnancy or labor, high risk of death)
- gestational diabetes
- placenta previa
- anemia (which can be life-threatening)
- thrombocytopenic purpura
- severe cramping
- embolism (blood clots)
- medical disability requiring full bed rest (frequently ordered during part of many pregnancies varying from days to months for health of either mother or baby)
- diastasis recti, also torn abdominal muscles
- mitral valve stenosis (most common cardiac complication)
- serious infection and disease (e.g. increased risk of tuberculosis)
- hormonal imbalance
- ectopic pregnancy (risk of death)
- broken bones (ribcage, “tail bone”)
- hemorrhage and
- numerous other complications of delivery
- refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease
- aggravation of pre-pregnancy diseases and conditions (e.g. epilepsy is present in .5% of pregnant women, and the pregnancy alters drug metabolism and treatment prospects all the while it increases the number and frequency of seizures)
- severe post-partum depression and psychosis
- research now indicates a possible link between ovarian cancer and female fertility treatments, including “egg harvesting” from infertile women and donors
- research also now indicates correlations between lower breast cancer survival rates and proximity in time to onset of cancer of last pregnancy
- research also indicates a correlation between having six or more pregnancies and a risk of coronary and cardiovascular disease
Less common (but serious) complications:
- peripartum cardiomyopathy
- cardiopulmonary arrest
- magnesium toxicity
- severe hypoxemia/acidosis
- massive embolism
- increased intracranial pressure, brainstem infarction
- molar pregnancy, gestational trophoblastic disease (like a pregnancy-induced cancer)
- malignant arrhythmia
- circulatory collapse
- placental abruption
- obstetric fistula
More permanent side effects:
- future infertility
- permanent disability
Filing away under “things to remind the ‘adoption always works’ crowd”…